There are those websites that you visit and you can’t help but admire for their flexibility, design, and the ease with which you can browse through them. Believe it or not, we owe this to responsive web design, an approach to creating websites that relies on the idea that the way a website is developed and designed should be in accordance with how the user behaves and what his or her environment is (such as platform, screen size, or orientation). Responsive web design is the reason why when you access certain websites on your phone instead of your computer, they resize to fit your screen and give you the perfect user experience.
Today, we’re going to take you through all the steps you need to follow in order to create a responsive web design.
8 Steps for a Responsive Web Design Framework
1. Viewport Meta Tag
The first thing you should tinker with when it comes to building a responsive website is the viewport meta tag. This is what modifies the way you view a certain website. You have to disable the default scale, which will determine the browser to adapt according to the width of the device the person viewing the website uses.
2. HTML Structure
The next thing you have to consider is the website’s structure. This refers to the layout of the page and it includes header height, and side bar, footer and content container width. If necessary, you might also have to include supporting images or navigation elements.
3. Style Features
Regardless of the device that people use to access your website, there are some features that everybody should be able to see. Your next task is to determine what those features are. Some examples would be typeface, icons, colors, and so on.
4. Media Queries
One of the most important elements of a responsive web design are media queries. We advise you to start with those for smaller screens (320-480 pixels). Then, move on to relatively larger ones (like tablet-sized ones), and finally large ones (with a maximum of 769 up to 1100 pixels).
No responsive website would be complete without attractive content. After you took care of the most important commands, it’s time to adjust your content according to the type of screen people are going to use. Try to stick to the basic information on smaller screens and include more details on larger ones.
Images are what makes a website come to life. As such, they should also be flexible and adjust to different types of screens. You wouldn’t want someone viewing your website from his or her phone to only see part of the images.
If your website also includes videos, remember to apply the technique you applied to the images and make them adjustable as well.
Finally, now that you’re done with designing your responsive website, it’s time to test it on all possible devices and see if you’re satisfied with the result.
As long as you have some CSS knowledge, creating a responsive web design is nothing you should fear. In fact, it’s one of the best choices you could make for your website.
Image Source: here.